Scaling is a dental procedure which is done to remove debris, stains, plaque, and mineralized plaque deposits (calculus and tartar) from the tooth which generally cannot be removed using a toothbrush.

Scaling (tooth cleaning) is a routine part of dental prophylaxis treatment and is also recommended if a person has signs of gingivitis, periodontitis (periodontal disease).

Why scaling?

A routine scaling (teeth cleaning) helps in control of accumulation of plaque and calculus on the tooth surface and retards or minimizes the chance of periodontal diseases. It also enhances the aesthetic of an individual having stained tooth. Scaling helps prevent and treat periodontal diseases (gum diseases), and play a major role in keeping your mouth healthy, clean and free from bad breath.

When should you get a scaling done?

In cases of –

  • Plaque and calculus accumulation
  • Bleeding gums
  • Stained tooth (extrinsic stain)
  • Bad breath

How is scaling done?

This procedure (tooth cleaning) is performed by a dentist using an ultrasonic device or hand scaling instruments. In this the plaque and calculus are scraped off from the teeth and from around the tooth that has developed between your tooth and gums.

This is a non-invasive procedure and generally does not involve pain. However, the patient might feel tooth sensitivity during or after the procedure. In some cases, local anesthesia can be applied to reduce discomfort.

Benefits

  • Removal of plaque and calculus
  • Reducing pocket depths
  • Reduce risk of tooth, bone and tissue loss associated with chronic periodontal disease .
  • Healthy gums
  • Reduces bad breath

Risks

There are minimal risks related to scaling. The patient might experience sensitivity in tooth.

Dos and don’t after treatment

Dos

  • Brushing twice daily
  • Maintaining oral hygiene
  • Use of mouthwash prescribed by the dentist
  • Cessation of habits causing staining of tooth
  • Flossing regularly
  • Follow proper brushing technique
  • Visiting your dentist every 6 months

Don’t

  • Don’t consume tooth staining substance like pan masala
  • Don’t brush hardly.